How to reduce the risk of having a stroke

How to reduce the risk of having a stroke

Stroke, something to fear but that can be avoided. Let’s remember what it is. It is a stroke, that is, damage caused by a clot or bleeding in the brain.

Almost 25% of accidents occur before the age of 65 and the consequences range from minimal changes detected on the scanner to significant disabilities, such as loss of speech or paralysis of a limb or face.

Nevertheless, Doctors estimate that 80% of strokes could be prevented by controlling certain risk factors and changing lifestyle.

Check your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels regularly

What can we do then? You already know your numbers. So advises Professor Pierre Amarenco, neurologist at the Bichat hospital in Paris, president of the “Vaincre l’AVC” foundation and author of “Vaincre l’AVC” (ed.du Rocher). Know your numbers for blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol.

These are data that must be taken into account. It is your health ID card. » It is recommended to have your blood pressure checked every 5 years when you are young, then once a year after age 45. You can do this at your doctor’s office, pharmacy, or even at home by purchasing a self-monitoring device.

It is also necessary to have a blood test at least every 5 years, more often in the case of a cardiovascular risk factor. High blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol are preventable risk factors for stroke because they can be corrected.

The protective effect of physical activity

If you stop smoking, tobacco and cannabis, you reduce the risk of suffering a stroke by two and five years later we find that of a person who has never touched a cigarette.
The fight against overweight is also important. You can eat anything, but in reasonable amounts so that your waist does not exceed half your height in centimeters. For example 85 centimeters if you measure 1.70 m. Limiting salt, eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, eating fish twice a week is protective.

Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight and reduces the risk of stroke by a third. It can be 20 minutes per day on a stationary bike, elliptical or rowing machine or 5 hours of walking per week. You have to spend enough. The activity should cause sweating and lead to even moderate shortness of breath.

Stress is a risk factor for stroke. However, it is not always easy to get rid of it. If you find yourself under professional or personal stress that you cannot get out of, you should not hesitate to seek support. From April 2022, you can benefit from the “Mon Psy” system that allows the reimbursement of eight sessions of psychological support per year.. Specifically, you should consult your doctor who will give you a letter to send to the psychologist.

Know the symptoms that should alert

It is also important to remember that when in doubt, you should call 15 without delay.
Before the sudden appearance of a symptom, such as a deformity of the mouth; weakness or numbness on one side of the body, arm, or leg; trouble speaking or understanding; balance or walking problems; loss of vision in one eye; an unusual and unbearable headache, call 15 immediately. Acting quickly increases your chances of recovering impaired functions and healing faster..

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